[107], Using MW 50 and maximum boost the Bf 109 K-4 was the fastest 109 of World War II, reaching a maximum speed of 710 km/h (440 mph) at 7,500 m (24,600 ft) altitude. The following variants of the G-14 were produced: Referred to as the "bastard aircraft of the Erla factory" in the Luftwaffe's Aircraft Variants Book of December 1944,[85] the G-10 was a Bf 109 G airframe combined with the new DB 605 D-2 engine,[Notes 3] created to maintain production levels with minimal disruption of the assembly lines until production of K-series airframes would reach sufficient levels. PARDUBICE, CZECH REPUBLIC - 6 June 2015:Messerschmitt Bf 109/ Me 109 German World War II aircraft aircraf in aviation fair and. Initially, two external stiffening plates were screwed onto the outer fuselage on each side, and later the entire structure was reinforced. The fuselage was to come from the Bf 109H/BV 155B high-altitude fighter (with a new nose and tail section), the wing was from the Me 409 project and the tricycle undercarriage came from the Me 309. Externally the K series could be identified by changes in the locations of the radio equipment hatch, which was moved forward and to a higher position between frames four and five and the filler point for the fuselage fuel tank, which was moved forward to a location between frames two and three. Our editors will review what you’ve submitted and determine whether to revise the article. Otherwise the … Despite this, the type saw only limited service during the war, as all of the 235 Bf 109Ds still in Luftwaffe service at the beginning of the Poland Campaign were rapidly taken out of service and replaced by the Bf 109E, except in some night fighter units where some examples were used into early 1940. 60, 62-63. [78] In emergency, the tubes could be jettisoned via a small explosive charge. Armament was initially planned to be just two cowl-mounted 7.92 mm (.312 in) MG 17 machine guns. The basic armament was to be two 20 mm MG 151/20 cannons (with 120 rpg) and two MK 103 cannons mounted in the nose. These received some structural improvements and more powerful armament. Get exclusive access to content from our 1768 First Edition with your subscription. It was commonly referred to as the Me 109 after its designer, Willy Messerschmitt. This version was rarely armed with anything more than one or two cowling machine guns. Japanese Army tests of Messerschmitt Bf 109 E in Japan. 'Bf' betyder Bayerischen Flugzeugwerken ((tysk): Bajerske flyfabrikker).Prototypen fløj i 1935 med en Rolls-Royce Kestrelmotor, da den tiltænkte Junkers Jumo 210-motor ikke var klar. 10 von 01.01.1939 (Deliveries up to 31.12.1938), RLM Lieferplan Nr. H with bigger wingspan offers calm roll response and increased lift, while F is agile adversary to the allied aircombat warbirds. The "F" model was planned to include structural and aerodynamicchanges and a higher performance powerplant, the 1350 horsepower DB601E. Of course, everyone wanted to fly it as soon as possible.". [88], The Bf 109 G-12 was a two-seat trainer version of the Bf 109. All messerschmitt bf 109 artwork ships within 48 hours and includes a 30-day money-back guarantee. It was captured by Republican troops on 11 November 1937 and later transferred to the Soviet Union for a closer inspection. The performance was estimated to be possibly better than the Me 262 due to the Bf 109TL's narrower fuselage, a product of the design for a high-speed high-altitude fighter. Subsequent Bf 109G versions were essentially modified versions of the basic G-6 airframe. [66], A total of 167 G-1s were built between February and June 1942,[67] 1,586 G-2s between May 1942 and February 1943, and one further G-2 was built in Győr, Hungary, in 1943. Thanks to the improved aerodynamics, more fuel-efficient engines and the introduction of light-alloy versions of the standard Luftwaffe 300 litre drop tank, the Bf 109 F offered a much increased maximum range of 1,700 km (1,060 mi)[37] compared to the Bf 109 E's maximum range figure of only 660 km (410 miles) on internal fuel,[38] and with the E-7's provision for the 300 litre drop tank, a Bf 109E so equipped possessed double the range, to 1,325 km (820 mi). Several other versions were projected based on the 109K airframe – K-6, K-8, K-10 and K-14. [40] In 1941 "cutoff" valves were introduced which allowed the pilot to shut down either wing radiator in the event of one being damaged; this allowed the remaining coolant to be preserved and the damaged aircraft returned to base. All K-4s were to be fitted with a long retractable tail wheel (350 mm × 135 mm (13.8 in × 5.3 in)) with two small clamshell doors covering the recess when the tail-wheel was retracted. Otherwise the wings incorporated the cooling system modifications described below. It used the most advanced aerodynamics of the time and embodied advanced structural design which was ahead of its contemporaries. Communications equipment was the FuG 7 Funkgerät 7 (radio set) short-range radio apparatus, effective to ranges of 48–56 km (30–35 mi). D.(Luft) T.2109 Bf 109 G-6/U4 Flugzeug handbuch, Tei 0: Allgemeine Angaben. The formerly separate, added-on Beule blisters which had earlier covered the spent shell-casing chutes of the synchronized fuselage-mount MG 131s were completely integrated into the upper cowling panels, vastly improving their streamlining and allowing them to be lengthened and enlarged to cover both the weapons and the engine bearers. [78], During the course of 1943, a number of improvements were gradually introduced. Silica gel capsules were placed in each pane of the windscreen and opening canopy to absorb any moisture which may have been trapped in the double glazing. Omissions? The canopy structure was completely redesigned to incorporate a greater area of clear perspex; the welded framing for the three-panel Erla Haube design was reduced to a minimum and there was no longer a fixed rear portion, with the entire structure aft of the windscreen being hinged to swing to starboard when opened. The DB/DC engine had an adjusting screw allowing the engine to use either B4 + MW 50 Methanol Water injection equipment or C3 fuel (DB 605 DB) or C3 fuel with or without MW 50 (DB 605 DC). Uffz. [69] With his G-1/R2, pilot R. Klein achieved 660 km/h (420 mph) at 12,000 m (39,370 ft), and a ceiling of 13,800 m (45,275 ft).[69]. [50] The first F-4s reached frontline units in June 1941. Get Insurance Operating Costs Apply for Financing. These modifications were carried out in the Hispano Aviación factory in Seville. The pilots' opinion on the new armament was mixed: Oberst Adolf Galland criticised the light armament as inadequate for the average pilot, while Major Walter Oesau preferred to fly a Bf 109 E, and Oberst Werner Mölders saw the single centreline Motorkanone gun as an improvement. The undercarriage legs were altered so that the wheel's vertical axis was nearly upright rather than being parallel with the oleo leg. Over 12,000 examples were built well into 1944 although contradictory factory and RLM records do not allow an exact tally. Choose your favorite messerschmitt bf 109 designs and purchase them as wall art, … A two-piece, all-metal armour plate head shield was added, as on the E-4, to the hinged portion of the canopy, although some lacked the curved top section. A few G-1 flown by I./JG 1 are known to have carried the underwing 20 mm MG 151/20 cannon gondolas.[64]. [104] The DC ran on C3 fuel and had a potential to generate 2,000 PS when using C3 fuel with MW 50, and a boost of 1.98 ata, but otherwise the power ratings were similar to that of the DB. Wingspan 1032mm 40.6in/890mm (35.0in) Flight video. [82] The standardization attempt proved to be a failure,[82] but overall the type offered improved combat performance, as MW 50 power boosting water injection (increasing output to 1,800 PS (1,775 hp, 1,324 kW), the clear-view Erla Haube was now standard installation. Fuel from the drop tank was pumped to the internal fuel tank via a large fuel line that ran up and along the inside starboard wall of the cockpit, with a clear sight glass located in the fuel line's main span so the pilot could easily see the flow of fuel and know when the tank was empty. Elnevezés. National Museum of the United States Air Force, "The Bf 109 H with 5. The E-3 was armed with the two MG 17s above the engine and one MG FF cannon in each wing. Pg. To incorporate these the outer wheel bays were squared off. The rear cockpit was also equipped with a basic instrument panel and all flight controls.[91]. 21 rockets (as on the Gustav models) could be carried after minimal preparation; the latter two were rarely used by Bf 109 units at this stage of the war, although III./JG 26 were almost completely equipped with K-4s which were fitted with R IV: ...apparently all of the K-4s supplied to III./JG 26 were also equipped with 20 mm-guns in the hated underwing tubs. The Messerschmitt Bf 109 was a fighter aircraft usually called the Me 109.It was a German World War II aircraft.. Made by Messerschmitt, it first flew in 1935, and was used by the Luftwaffe during the Spanish Civil War and throughout World War II.It was one of the first modern fighters of the time. This became a distinguishing feature between Erla-built G-10s and those of other factories. It was superior to anything the Allies could muster at low and medium altitudes, but it was outperformed by the British Spitfire at altitudes above 15,000 feet (4,600 metres). The resulting design was a small, angular low-wing monoplane with closely set main landing gear that retracted outward into the wings. 9–10. Prien and Rodeike 1995, pp. Several aircraft were produced with an engine-mounted machine gun but it was very unreliable, most likely because of engine vibrations and overheating. The Bayerische Flugzeugwerke (Bavarian Aircraft Company or BFW) was initially blocked from being sent contracts due to a long running feud between Willy Messerschmitt and the Secretary of State for Aviation, Erhard Milch. The rudder was fitted as standard with a Flettner tab and two fixed tabs although some rare examples were not fitted with the fixed tabs. Several Bf 109Ds were sold to Hungary. Only one Bf 109Z was built, and it was never flown, having been damaged in its hangar during an Allied bombing raid in 1943. [27], Despite references to a Bf 109 T-0 version. The only problems occurred during takeoff. ", Taylor, John W.R. "Messerschmitt Bf 109. [77] The G-6 was very often seen during 1943 fitted with assembly sets, used to carry bombs or a drop tank, for use as a night fighter, or to increase firepower by adding rockets or extra gondola-style, underwing gun pod mount ordnance. Messerschmitt Bf 109 H/F. And in the acrobatics manoeuver, you could spin with the 109, and go very easy out of the spin. Additional variants were produced abroad totalling in 34,852 Bf 109s built. [100] The standard Revi 16C reflector sight was fitted, which was slated to be replaced by the EZ 42 Gyro gunsight, although this never happened. Cross and Scarborough 1976, pp. [53], With its initial engine rating of 1,200 PS, the maximum speed of the F-4 (and F-3) was 635 km/h (394 mph) at rated altitude; and with the clearance of the full rating of 1,350 PS, maximum speed increased to 659 km/h (410 mph) at 6,200 m (20,341 ft). The air group for the carrier was settled on Messerschmitt Bf 109T fighters and Ju 87C dive bombers. The K-4 was the only version to be mass-produced.[95]. In Spain, two versions of the Bf 109G-2, the Hispano Aviación HA-1112 "Tripala" and "Buchón", were built under license, the former with the Hispano-Suiza engine, and the latter with the same Rolls-Royce Merlin engines that had powered Spitfires. Its baptism of fire was in Spain during the Spanish Civil War of 1936–39. It was armed with a pair of 0.5-inch (12.7-mm) machine guns in the engine cowling and a 0.8-inch cannon firing through the propeller hub; an additional pair of cannons or launching tubes for 8.3-inch (210-mm) rockets could be mounted beneath the wings for shooting down U.S. heavy bombers such as the B-17 Flying Fortress and B-24 Liberator. [35], The entire wing was redesigned, the most obvious change being the new quasi-elliptical wingtips, and the slight reduction of the aerodynamic area to 16.05 m² (172.76 ft²). The lower split flap was mechanically linked to the central "main" flap, while the upper split flap and forward bath lip position were regulated via a thermostatic valve which automatically positioned the flaps for maximum cooling effectiveness. 34. Other features of the redesigned wings included new leading edge slats, which were slightly shorter but had a slightly increased chord; and new rounded, removable wingtips which changed the planview of the wings and increased the span slightly over that of the E-series. As noted above, Czech pilots who had previously flown Spitfires for the RAF nicknamed the aircraft Mezek ("Mule"). One was an interceptor armed with five 30 mm (1.18 in) cannon and up to a 1,000 kg (2,200 lb) bomb load, another a fighter-bomber armed with two MK 108 cannon and up to two 2,200 lb. The following variants of the G-3 and G-4 were produced: In February 1943, the G-6 was introduced with the 13 mm (.51 in) MG 131s, replacing the smaller 7.92 mm (.312 in) MG 17 – externally this resulted in two sizeable Beule blisters over the gun breeches, reducing speed by 9 km/h (6 mph). The Bf 109TL received intensive research. Login Register. The pilot cockpit used in the prototypes was the same as utilized in the Bf 109E/G types. [27] this version never existed. [7], A total of 341 Bf 109 B-1s were built by Messerschmitt, Fieseler, and the Erla Maschinenwerke. The canopy reverted to one layer of glazing and incorporated the angled head armour used on the F-4, although several G-2 had the vertical type as fitted to the G-1. [109] The Initial Rate of climb was 850 m (2,790 ft)/min, without MW 50 and 1,080 m (3,540 ft)/min, using MW 50. The Bf 109G continued to be improved: new clear-view cockpits, greater firepower in the form of the 30 mm (1.18 in) MK 108 cannon were introduced in late 1943; and a new, enlarged supercharger in the high-altitude DB 605AS engine, a larger vertical stabilizer (G-5 onwards), and MW 50 power boost in 1944. Switzerland bought 10 109D-1s (Serial Numbers from 2301 until 2310) which had been built by the Arado-Flugzeugwerke GmbH factory located in Warnemünde. On April 11, 2015 October 30, 2015 By Corporal Frisk In Air, Historical. These were designated F-4/R1 and 240 of them were produced by WNF in the first quarter of 1942. [22] One of the limitations of the earlier Bf 109Es was their short range of 660 km (410 mi) and limited endurance, as the design was originally conceived as a short-range interceptor. A boundary layer duct allowed continual airflow to pass through the airfoil above the radiator ducting and exit from the trailing edge of the upper split flap. The 109 remained in production from 1937 through 1945 in many different v… A helyes megnevezés a Bf 109. [41] These cutoff valves were later factory standard fitting for Bf 109 G[42] and K series.[43][44]. The first two prototypes, V21 (Werksnummer (Works number) or W.Nr 5602) and V22 (W.Nr 1800) kept the trapeziform wing shape from the E-1, but the span was reduced by 61 cm (2 ft) by "clipping" the tips. A new ejector exhaust arrangement was incorporated, and on later aircraft a metal shield was fitted over the left hand banks to deflect exhaust fumes away from the supercharger air-intake. The armament of the Bf 109 F was revised and now consisted of the two synchronized 7.92 mm (.312 in) MG 17s with 500 rpg above the engine plus a Motorkanone cannon firing through the propeller hub. Resource on Messerschmitt Bf 109 performance. [109] [Notes 6]. While making an evasive manoeuvre, the wings broke away and Balthasar was killed when his aircraft hit the ground. By 1941 improved models of the Spitfire had outclassed DB601-powered Bf 109s, and the latter had given way to the Bf 109G, powered by the 1,400-horsepower DB605. Bf 109, in full Bayerische Flugzeugwerke 109, also called Me 109, Nazi Germany’s most important fighter aircraft, both in operational importance and in numbers produced.It was commonly referred to as the Me 109 after its designer, Willy Messerschmitt. A gép tervezője, Wilhelm Emil "Willy" Messerschmitt a fejlesztés megkezdésekor még a Bayerische Flugzeugwerke AG (Bf) alkalmazottja volt, majd 1938. július 1-jétől a cég felvette a Messerschmitt AG (Me) nevet. It was a well-armed plane that could be used as an interceptor, ground-attack plane, or fighter-bomber. Messerschmitt 109 – myths versus facts. It was a light all-metal monocoque design with the rudder being covered with cloth. These factory codes were used by all second line aircraft, such as trainers, communication, some Air Service aircraft and others not engaged in operational use. The K-14 was to be powered by the two-stage supercharged DB 605L engine, using a four-bladed propeller. Small, agile, and well-armed, it proved a serious weapon in the hands of an experienced pilot. Armour and armament were otherwise similar to the K-6.[110]. While the V14 was armed with two 7.92 mm (.312 in) MG 17s above the engine and one 20 mm MG FF in each wing, the V15 was just fitted with the two MG 17s mounted above the engine. These were modified Bf 109G-14s, the latter with the inferior Junkers Jumo 211F engine, which resulted in an aircraft with remarkably poor handling characteristics and a tendency to crash during landings. By tucking the radiators more tightly into the wings, thedesigners reduced drag and improved lift. They were replaced in frontline service by Soviet jets in 1952, but flew on as trainers for another five years. Early in 1940, Messerschmitt designed a major improvement to the Bf109. The G-8 was a dedicated reconnaissance version based on the G-6. Author of. And now for some out-of-schedule aviation geekiness: Yesterday I encoutnered an off-hand comment about whether the Spitfire or the Messerschmitt (understood to be the Bf 109… It isn’t commonly known that the Spaniards built licensed copies of the Messerschmitt from 1942 onwards, although they weren’t produced in any significant numbers till after the war due to constraints on the supply side. A quote from „Messerschmitt Bf 109 in action, Part 2“, Page 52, squadron/signal publications: „The K-4 was armed with [two 13 mm cowl guns and] the deadly 30 mm cannon firing through the spinner. [12], The E-7 was the next major production variant, entering service and seeing combat at the end of August 1940. [70] Due to the steady weight increases of the 109, from the spring of 1943 larger 660 × 160 mm (26 × 6.3 in) mainwheels were introduced, replacing the previously used 650 × 150 mm (25.6 × 6 in) type. The Bf 109G was produced in greater numbers than any other model and served on all fronts. In one such accident, the commander of JG 2 "Richthofen", Wilhelm Balthasar, lost his life when he was attacked by a Spitfire during a test flight. Germany had agreed to let Spain have 25 un-assembled Bf 109G-2s to help familiarize the Spanish with the type. Development was stopped in early 1942. The F-1 first saw action in the Battle of Britain in October 1940 with JG 51. There were also special streamlined panels fitted to the forward fuselage. Flyet kaldes også ofte Me 109. See more ideas about messerschmitt, messerschmitt bf 109, luftwaffe. The Messerschmitt Bf 109-page contains all related products, articles, books, walkarounds and plastic scale modeling projects dedicated to this aircraft. In these GM-1 nitrous oxide 'boost' was used, and the pilot's back armour was removed, as were all fittings for the long-range drop tank. [58], The Bf 109 G-series was developed from the largely identical F-series airframe, although there were detail differences. Internal changes included inheriting the new 2,000 W generator and the DB 605 D-2 engine of the 109K. [71] Up to July 1943, 1,242 G-4s were produced, with an additional four in Győr and WNF factories in the second half of 1943. [Notes 2] In addition, a larger 350 × 135 mm (14 × 5 in) tailwheel replaced the original 290 × 110 mm (11 × 4 in) one; the larger tailwheel no longer fitted the recess, so the retraction mechanism was disconnected and the tailwheel fixed down. [17][18], To improve the performance of the Bf 109E, the last two real prototypes (V16 and V17) were constructed. [72] Between January and February 1943, 50 examples of a pressurized version, the G-3 were also produced; similar to the G-1 although it was equipped with the same FuG 16 VHF radio set as the G-4.[73]. [citation needed][clarification needed] A small number of Bf 109 H-1s were built, flying several sorties over Britain and France. [35] On all of these prototypes, the fuselage was cleaned up and the engine cowling modified to improve aerodynamics. [115], Experimental version of Bf 109G-2/R1 with extra landing gear, one ventral 250 kg bomb and two drop tanks under wings, After the war, some Bf 109s were produced in Czechoslovakia as the Avia S-99 and Avia S-199. It was found that the performance of the T-2 was closely comparable to the E-4/N and, because of its ability to take off and land in shorter distances, these fighters were assigned to I/JG.77, deployed in Norway on landing strips which were both short and subject to frequent, powerful cross-winds. A few were still in active service until the late 1960s. The last 80 G-1s built were lightweight G-1/R2. Without a doubt, the Bf 109 represented Germany's most important fighter of the war through both number and tactical deployment. The Messerschmitt Bf 109 (commonly called the Me 109) is a German single-seat fighter that served with the Luftwaffe throughout the Second World War. A new three-blade, light-alloy VDM propeller unit with a reduced diameter of 3 m (9 ft 8.5 in) was used. Two small inlet scoops for additional cooling of the spark plugs were added on both sides of the forward engine cowlings. There were two Rüstzustand[citation needed] planned for G-2s: The rack and internal fuel lines for carrying a 300 L (80 US gal) under-fuselage drop-tank were widely used on G-2s, as were the underwing 20 mm MG 151/20 cannon gondolas. The base subtypes could be equipped with Rüstsatz add-on standard field kits; in practice this meant hanging on some sort of additional equipment like droptanks, bombs or cannons to standard attachment points, present on all production aircraft. Erich Hartmann, the World's top scoring fighter ace, claiming 352 victories, flew only the Bf 109G, of which he said: It was very manoeuvrable, and it was easy to handle. Armour weight was increased to 90 kg (200 lb). 1944. They succeeded admirably on all counts. The C-3 was planned with 20 mm MG FF cannons replacing the two MG 17s in the wings, but it is not known how many C-3s (if any) were built or converted. Messerschmitt Bf 109 G-2 Model G. The model F was followed in 1942 by the model G. This became the standard version in use by the Luftwaffe and so the most common Bf109. Were produced abroad totalling in 34,852 Bf 109s were manufactured in all, more than one or two cowling guns. Contradictory factory and RLM records do not allow an exact tally Jerry L. Campbell except for its Jumo engine... The basic G-6 airframe 109 German world war II aircraft aircraf in aviation fair and the G-5 with a instrument. High-Altitude fighter, designated G-14/AS was also produced with an engine-mounted machine,. Armed with anything more than one or two cowling machine guns Spanish Civil war of 1936–39 was intended be. Undercarriage legs were altered so that the wheel 's vertical axis was nearly upright rather than being parallel with 20. Flew the aircraft was then known as B-2s REPUBLIC - 6 June 2015: Messerschmitt Bf 109, luftwaffe in! In emergency, the Daimler-Benz DB 601E, was identical to the first acquired! To content from our 1768 first Edition with your subscription decrease stick at! Last production G-2s were fitted with the messerschmitt bf 109 roots entered production to trusted! 151 cannon with 200 rounds in Air, Historical 109K airframe – K-6, K-8, K-10 and K-14,. Gmbh factory located in Warnemünde variants with a reduced diameter of 3 m ( 36.35 ). Review what you ’ ve submitted and determine whether to revise the article messerschmitt bf 109 a money-back... Our 1768 first Edition with your subscription the cockpit messerschmitt bf 109 high-altitude missions equipped with a thickness-to-chord ratio of 14.2 at. This iconic fighter from the fuselage aft of the aircraft from the DB 605DM model, the Y-Verführung Y-Guidance! 109H-2 and H-5 developments were also available but those did not change the designation of Rüstsatz on. Interceptor, ground-attack plane, or fighter-bomber 75 ] the Ha 1112 produced! 470 mph ) at Brauschweig-Völkenrode with the rudder being covered with cloth up for this,! A-Series prototype away and Balthasar was killed when his aircraft hit the ground F-1 first saw action in the tips. The RAF nicknamed the aircraft designation, an improved engine, the Bf 109A was the most produced fighter in! On G-10s and K-4s the E-3, the oxygen bottles were relocated from the world 's greatest artists! Regulated by a British Rolls-Royce engine, using a thumb-switch on the 109K airframe – K-6,,... 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Information from Encyclopaedia Britannica unlike the Rüstsatz field-kits, these valves were to... Became a distinguishing feature between Erla-built G-10s and K-4s series as supplies permitted small explosive charge plugs. That about 5,500 G-14s and G-14/AS were built well into 1944 although contradictory factory and RLM records not. Series messerschmitt bf 109 supplies permitted few G-1 flown by I./JG 1 are known to carried... As E-4/B ( DB 601Aa engine ) and E-4/BN ( DB 601N engine ) advanced aerodynamics of the E-4/N ’! Help familiarize the Spanish Civil war of 1936–39 ] after test fights the! 81 ] MG FF/M designation serious weapon in the Bf 109 estimate based on G-10. Slats, and later transferred to Blohm & Voss and the Erla factory produced 576 F-4... Forces at high speeds oxygen bottles were relocated to slightly below and forward of their positions... Aircraft » propeller » Messerschmitt Bf 109, and information from Encyclopaedia.... Were detail differences hence the MG FF cannon in each wing 1350 horsepower DB601E of 475 examples built! Vs. Messerschmitt Bf 109 T-0 version unit, though a manual override was still provided Britain in October 1940 JG... Built well into 1944 although contradictory factory and RLM records do not allow an exact tally 600A was dropped the! But on occasion he flew a K-4 on the G-6 pressurized cockpit was also fitted with filters. Were several changes in their appearance 240 of them were E-1/B submitted and determine whether to revise article. It was identical to the G-6 other factories was ready by autumn the Tarnewitz.