This rattlesnake is strongly associated with floodplain habitats along medium to large rivers, especially near river confluences, where they primarily occupy open canopy wetlands, such as sedge meadows, fresh wet meadows, shrub-carrs, and adjacent upland prairies, floodplain forests, … The Eastern Massasauga rattlesnake (Sistrurus catenatus catenatus) is the only venomous snake in Ontario. Although there may have been a bite, the rattlesnake does not always inject venom. The Desert Massasauga, Sistrurus catenatus edwardsii, inhabits xeric grasslands from western Texas to southeastern Arizona and occurs in A series of spots and saddles are arranged down the back and sides. • Monitoring for coagulopathies is required after massasauga rattlesnake bites. • Additional doses of antivenom may be needed; thus, close monitoring is required. Its fangs are very small and can only;y inject small amounts of venom, so it poses very little danger to humans. First aid for snake bites. Anyone who is bitten should seek medical attention immediately. Juvenile Massasauga rattlesnake © Joe Crowley. Remember it deserves a safe living space. This designation legally protects the Massasauga from being harassed, captured, killed, bought, or sold. Stay calm. Other names: massasauga, massasauga rattlesnake. We can easily learn to live with these creatures. When compared to other rattlesnakes found in the United States, the massasauga is the smallest and has the least toxic venom. There are only two recorded incidents in Ontario of people dying from a massasauga bite, and in both cases they did not receive proper medical treatment. Three subspecies are currently recognized including the nominate subspecies described here. Michigan's only venomous snake is a rare sight for most state residents. It is characterized by the presence of a heat sensitive pit between the eye and the nostril, a segmented rattle at the tip of the tail, a vertical eye pupil and keeled scales. • Antivenom is the first-line treatment for envenomation. m_gallery_permalink = "https://www.mlive.com/expo/news/erry-2018/09/48021139893371/index.html"; Like any animal though, these snakes will protect themselves from anything they see as a potential predator. The massasauga (Sistrurus catenatus) is a rattlesnake species found in midwestern North America from southern Ontario to northern Mexico and parts of the United States in between. Hospital should be prepared for Massasauga rattlesnake bites, says LaSalle family. Note to readers: if you purchase something through one of our affiliate links we may earn a commission. m_gallery_json = "https://expo.advance.net/static/48021139893371/data.json"; After he was discharged, Dawson said the pain felt like a "hot ember of coal," according to the Exponent. Massasaugas are rare in Michigan and it is not common for bites to occur, according to the DNR. Jake May | For the Citizen Patriot Logan Coleman was bitten on the finger by an Eastern Massasauga Rattlesnake. The eastern massasauga is primarily associated with wetland habitats but some populations also utilize adjacent upland habitats for parts of its life history. The pair took photos of the snake, which were sent to the Daily Sun. Also known as "swamp rattlers," they spend the vast majority of their time in year-round wetlands hunting their primary prey, mice. Massasauga rattlesnakes were listed as a federally threatened species under the Endangered Species Act in 2016 and are thereby protected animals. Keep your distance and observe it from a distance. The Detroit Zoo has antivenin on-hand for species living at the zoo to protect staff and pets, according to spokesperson Patricia Janeway. Massasauga's are a shy species and prefer to hide or escape than to bite, and will only do so if they are under extreme concern for themselves. Mojave Rattlesnake Crotalus s. scutulatus Adult length is 2 to 3 feet. It is the only Michigan snake with segmented rattles on the end of its tail and elliptical, ("cat like") vertical pupils in the eyes. Best Booties & Shoes For Your Dog. m_gallery = "massausaga-rattle-snake-bites"; The massasauga is the smallest rattlesnake in Nebraska. There are 17 species of snakes in Ontario. Wet prairies, sedge meadows, and early successional fields – historically, these habitats could be created by beavers, damming up a waterway, flooding a forest, creating an interruption in the tree canopy and leaving behind a soggy lowland after … Emergency. Snake bites are rare; approximately 2-3 … It has a triangular head and a tail that ends in a small rattle that creates a buzzing sound when the tail shakes. The Massasauga Rattlesnake, Sistrurus catenatus, is a diminutive species with a distribution in the United States which largely tracks the retreat of Pleistocene glaciation and the spread of grasslands. Therefore, the person who was bitten should move out of range of the snake. When approached, they may remai… Rattlesnake bites, while extremely rare in Michigan, can and do occur. The Massasauga Rattlesnake (Sistrurus catenatus) can be found in the midwest from southern Ontario to northern Mexico and can be identified by its irregular-shaped dark blotches on a gray or brown background.There are three subspecies – Eastern Massasauga, Western Massasauga, and Desert Massasauga. The best course of action when encountering one is to … Eastern Massasauga (Sistrurus catenatus) is a State Endangered Species and a Federally Threatened Species. Encounters with rattlesnakes in Ontario are rare, but due to careful stewardship the endangered Massasauga Rattlesnake is recovering and re-populating areas of Ontario, including Georgian Bay, the Bruce Peninsula, parts of Muskoka, and parts of southern Ontario. • Additional doses of antivenom may be needed; thus, close monitoring is required. "My ankle is still kind of messed up ... everything is knotted but everyday, it gets a little better.". There are only two recorded incidents in Ontario of people dying from a massasauga bite, and in both cases they did not receive proper medical treatment. The swelling has gone down (and) I'm able to walk around on it," Bowen said. Since 2016, the massasauga has been considered federally-threatened, meaning it is likely or expected to become endangered. The eastern massasauga rattlesnake (Sistrurus catenatus catenatus) is a unique and fascinating part of Michigan's natural heritage. Only two people in Eastern Canada have died from a Massasauga bite - neither received proper treatment. But take extra precaution because the average rattlesnake is about two feet long and can strike its body about 1.5 feet, Kennedy said. Registration on or use of this site constitutes acceptance of our User Agreement, Privacy Policy and Cookie Statement, and Your California Privacy Rights (each updated 1/1/20). Allow the bite to bleed freely for about half a minute. It is gray and brown with dark, round brown blotches on the back and other smaller and less-distinct blotches on the sides. He was looking for his cat in his backyard when he stepped on the snake, the paper reported. Snake Bite. Generally rattlesnakes lie still and rattle if you come too close. The West Parry Sound Health Centre is the hub for the province's anti-venom program for massasauga rattlesnake bites. It is only 45-75 centimetres (18-30 inches) long, and is a short, stocky breed of snake rather than a long and slim one. A venomous snake may inject venom or poison into a person or animal with its fangs. Examine the area of the snakebite. Massasauga Rattlesnake. You are bitten, contact 911 or contact your medical care provider or emergency room for further direction. Search the Blog Trending Topics. But I wasn't sure because I'd never seen a rattlesnake before.". In most cases, the snake will move to different areas. First 2 Hours: My Dog Was Bitten by a Rattlesnake. If an individual kills one, it is considered a violation of the Endangered Species Act, unless the individual feels his or her life is in danger. However, others may easily be mistaken for one because of their similar markings. Venom of the Massasauga rattlesnake is highly toxic to man. Along the side of the head there are two narrow white lines circling a dark brown band. The few bites that occur to humans often result from attempts to handle or kill the snakes. eastern massasauga or swamp rattler will often seek higher ground, thereby increasing its chance for humanencounter [2]. Emergency. Most often snakes do not wander into areas with little vegetation. © 2020 Advance Local Media LLC. The most likely period to encounter snakes in the open is early spring or mornings when they can be found sunning themselves. Fish and Wildlife Service taking? Most people who are bitten by rattlesnakes have been attempting to hurt or handle them. After 20 hours, doctors determined Dawson had suffered a "dry bite" - a bite without venom - from the rattlesnake, the report said. The heat sensitive pits between the eyes and the nostrils are unique to pit vipers. The massasauga is the state's only venomous snake and rattlesnake, according to Dan Kennedy, the DNR's endangered species coordinator. This is called a dry bite and allows the snake to save its venom for real prey. Their range includes southern Canada and the eastern and central United States. During sunny days, massasaugas can often be found sunning themselves. Treating the Bite 1. Step 1, Move away from the rattlesnake. Like all rattlesnakes, it is a pit viper, and like all pit vipers, it is venomous. All rights reserved (About Us). • Antivenom is the first-line treatment for envenomation. Massasauga Rattlesnake Pictures Gallery This was an Eastern massasauga rattlesnake, according to the Michigan Department of Natural Resources. Food Habits of Eastern Massasauga Rattlesnake. Historically, they could be found in a variety of wetlands and nearby upland woods throughout the lower peninsula. Their short fangs can easily puncture skin and they do possess a potent venom. The few bites that occur to humans often result from attempts to handle or kill the snakes. PDF Version . The venom can damage body tissue and affect your circulatory system by destroying skin tissues and blood cells and by causing you to haemorrhage internally. Rattlesnake. Average length 2 feet, maximum length 3½ feet. Use a pump suction device. This was an Eastern massasauga rattlesnake, according to the Michigan Department of Natural Resources. m_gallery_blog_id = ""; Identification. These poisonous species bite human beings when irritated. They are medium sized, hetero-thermic snakes, with a body that is covered in black blotches. A venomous snake may inject venom or poison into a person or animal with its fangs. 2 The Committee on the Status of Endangered Wildlife in Canada (COSEWIC) considers the snake to be threatened and it is protected under federal and provincial laws. When you encounter a snake, leave it alone. Although its venom is very toxic, the Massasauga rarely attempts to bite unless it feels threatened. 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